V. The Topics of Discussion
The introductory chapter will serve as a reminder that the traditional martial arts have always been rooted in philosophical and spiritual views and values, and that the oftentimes non-spiritual appearance of the contemporary martial arts scene is nothing less than the result of a deviation from the original spiritual nature of the DO. For readers who already know this, the chapter will be a refresher, but for those who do not, it will provide important insight into the basic nature of the martial arts.
The second chapter presents the Principle of Harmony and it deals with the basic "natural law" which guides the universe. Through this, the general foundation for all the views and values of Wonhwa Do will be outlined. The importance of studying natural law should not be overlooked for - in the history of philosophy - the contemplation of nature has provided many thinkers with the material out of which they fashioned their views of existence and of moral and ethical law. Thus, we will mention some of these traditional views, and then explain the Principle of Harmony within Wonhwa Do.
The third chapter presents the Wonhwa Do View of Man, or the "man of harmony". Such a person would be the highest embodiment of cosmic law. Some traditional views of ideal human nature will be discussed, and then the Wonhwa Do concept of man's "original human nature" will be explained. Through this, one of Wonhwa Do's main ideals for its practitioners will be understood.
The fourth chapter presents the Wonhwa Do View of Ethics since social harmony is the next higher level of harmony after individual harmony. After a brief survey of some traditional concepts of social harmony, the Wonhwa Do view of ethics and morality will be discussed.
Due to the specialized nature of martial arts, it is necessary for us to address two aspects of ethics: an ideal ethics of a hamonized society, and then also a martial ethics which is necessitated by the reality of conflict in the world. This dual viewpoint has sometimes been a problem for those who cannot reconcile spiritual aspiration with the mastery of martial skills. This chapter will provide the necessary insight to resolve this question.
The fifth chapter deals with the Wonhwa Do View of Aesthetics and deals with the "creation of harmony". In it we will discuss an important distinction between the concept of art in the eastern and western aesthetic traditions. As we shall see, the term "art" is used in the east and west with a different dimension thrust, emphasis and commitment on the part of the Wonhwa Doist: his concern is with internal perfection above and beyond external craftsmanship.
The sixth chapter deals with the Wonhwa Do View of Education and it is a logical extension of the Wonhwa Do view of art elaborated in the preceding chapter. This is because, in order to create a harmonized individual, the philosophy of Wonhwa Do identifies clear standards, forms and ideals of education.
Through faithful adherence to this view of education, a Wonhwa Doist can maintain the proper heart and attitude towards both his teachers and his students, and insure the transference of the proper spirit and tradition of Wonhwa Do. However, without adherence to this view, there can be no proper Wonhwa Do internal instruction. Thus, this chapter is critical for those practitioners who aspire to achieve advanced ranking and to give instruction to others.
The seventh chapter explains the Wonhwa Do View of History. Though perhaps surprising at first, such a scope of concern is quite consistent with the philosophy of Wonhwa Do for it is addressed after all to achieving harmony from the individual level on upward. One of the upper rungs of this "ladder of harmony" is wonhwa at the world level.
This world perspective cultivates a valuable sense of history, which impels the student to transcend lower and narrower motives for the practice of Wonhwa Do. He can feel that he is connected to the association, the nation, the world, and to the Origin, and that he is thus responsible to conduct his life - and contribute to history - in a manner which promotes harmony in all of these relationships.
Through these seven chapters, we expect that the inner aspect of Wonhwa Do will be clarified for all members of the international association, and that the proper spirit and tradition will be passed intact from generation to generation. If it is, the association will develop and prosper, based upon a strong, consistent, and unified internal foundation. In that way, we would be able to fulfill our association's aspirations to be of greatest service and value to both Heaven and earth.
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